Do you glaze pottery before or after firing?

How is pottery made and decorated?

How is pottery made and decorated?
Pottery is clay that is modeled, dried, and fired, usually with a glaze or finish, into a vessel or decorative object. Clay is a natural product dug from the earth, which has decomposed from rock within the earth's crust for millions of years. ... The potter can form his product in one of many ways.
How pottery is made - material, making, history, used, composition ...

How is Pottery Made? – A Basic Guide

Raw un­processed clay con­sists of clay par­ti­cles and un­de­com­posed feldspar, usu­ally com­bined with quartz, mica, iron-ox­ides and other ma­te­ri­als. How­ever, apart from the coars­est earth­en­ware, which can be pro­duced from clay as found in the ground, most pot­tery is made from spe­cial clays mixed with other ma­te­ri­als or in­gre­di­ents to pro­duce the de­sired re­sults. The mix­ture is known as the clay body.


The un­fired clay body (green­ware) can be formed or shaped in many dif­fer­ent ways: man­u­ally, us­ing a pot­ter”s wheel or other me­chan­i­cal means (eg. jol­ly­ing or jig­ging), or by us­ing var­i­ous types of molds, or ”for­m­ers” (con­sumed dur­ing fir­ing) to hold the re­quired shape. Once the body is shaped it is usu­ally dried be­fore fir­ing, al­though some ce­ramic artists have de­vel­oped “wet-fired” processes.


Af­ter dry­ing, the clay body is fired (baked) in an oven called a kiln. Over the years, pot­ters have re­sorted to var­i­ous types of kiln, rang­ing from holes in the ground topped by a fire, to coal or wood fired ovens. Mod­ern day pot­ters typ­i­cally used elec­tric or gas-fired kilns. Continue reading ...

How is Pottery Made?

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